Document Type: Original Research Article

Author

Department of Chemistry, School of Health, Uşak University, 64200 Uşak, Turkey

10.33945/SAMI/PCBR.2020.3.4

Abstract

As the flowers and leaves of vicia faba contain high levels of levodopa used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, its use in alternative medicine is becoming more and more common. In general, the flowers and leaves of vicia faba are consumed as a tea. Besides some trace elements, they show a significant role in human nutrition and may pose a risk to human health at high levels. However, there is not much literature on chemical analysis of flowers and leaves of vicia faba. Their element content has not been studied yet. ICP-MS has been used to determine the trace elements contents of the vicia faba flowers and leaves. Mineral distribution ranging from the trace to the main elements for this plant samples were dried, weighed, digested, and analyzed by ICP MS. Thirteen element contents of flowers and leaves have been analyzed. Potassium, calcium and magnesium have been found at high concentrations in flowers and leaves. Among trace metals, iron had the highest concentration, followed by Zinc, Aluminum, Manganese, Chromium, Cupper, Nickel, Lead and Cadmium. The analysis showed that the toxic Cadmium element is in a low concentration and was within the limit allowed by the World Health Organization.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

REFERENCES

 

 

[1]      K.B. Zheng, X.Y. Xu, S.L. Qiu, A.P. Li. Study on L-Dopa content in faba bean flowers Legume Research. Legume Research. 39 (2016) 931-934.

[2]      H. Li, W. Sun, J. Chen. The Synthesis and The Purification of L-DOPA. Amino Acids and Biotic Resources.  Amino Acids and Biotic Resources, 22 (2010) 33-38.

[3]      C. Jun,  Z. Zhaoyi. Study on Mucuna medicinal plant resources of levodopa. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, 21 (1990) 7-8.

[4]      S. Wu, W. Jiang, M. Huang. A Comparative Study on the Contents of Levedopa in Seed of Stizolobium cochinchinensis (Lour) Tang et Wang in Different Harvesting Time. Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research, 20 (2009)526-527.

[5]      R. Zhou, X. Yang, Z. Tang. Study on chinese mucuna plant resources of levodopa. Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials. Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials, 2 (2008) 11-22.

[6]      J. Mlcek, O. Rop. Fresh edible flowers of ornamental plants-A new source of nutraceutical foods. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 22 (2011) 561–569.

[7]      B. Lu, M. Li, R. Yin. Phytochemical Content, Health Benefits, and Toxicology of Common Edible Flowers: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56 (2016) 130–148.

 

[8]      M.M. Egebjerg, P.T. Olesen, F.D. Eriksen, G. Ravn-Haren, L. Bredsdorff, K. Pilegaard. Are wild and cultivated flowers served in restaurants or sold by local producers in Denmark safe for the consumer? Food and Chemical Toxicology, 120 (2018) 129–142.

[9]      H. R. Alzahrani, H. Kumakli, E. Ampiah. Determination of macro, essential trace elements, toxic heavy metal concentrations, crude oil extracts and ash composition from Saudi Arabian fruits and vegetables having medicinal values. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10.7 (2017) 906-913.

[10]  T. Efferth, H. J. Greten. Quality control for medicinal plants. Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, 1.7 (2012) 1-3.

[11]  N. Aksuner,  E. Henden,  Z. Aker, E. Engin, S. Satik. Determination of essential and non-essential elements in various tea leaves and tea infusions consumed in Turkey. Food Additives & Contaminants Part B, 5. 2 (2012) 126–132.

[12]  N.L. Simantiris, M. Fabian, M. Skoula. Cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants in heavy metal contaminated soils. Global Nest Journal, 18 (2016) 630–642.

[13]  A.S. Madeja, M. Welna, W. Zyrnicki. Multi-element analysis, bioavailability and fractionation of herbal tea products. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 24,5 (2013) 777-787.

[14]  C. Copat, A. Grasso, M. Fiore, A. Cristaldi, P. Zuccarello, S.S. Signorelli, G.O. Conti, M. Ferrante. Trace elements in seafood from the Mediterranean sea: An exposure risk assessment. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 115 (2018) 13-19.

[15]  M. Abtahi, Y. Fakhri, G.O. Conti, H. Keramati,  Y. Zandsalimi,  Z. Bahmani,  R.H. Pouya,  M. Sarkhosh,  B. Moradi,  N. Amanidaz,  S.M. Ghasemi. Heavy metals (As, Cr, Pb, Cd and Ni) concentrations in rice (Oıyza sadva) from Iran and associated risk assessment: Asystematic review. Toxin Reviews,36 (2017) 331-341.

[16]  T. Filippini, S. Cilloni, M. Malavoti, F. Violi, C. Malagoli, M. Tesauro, I. Bottecchi, A. Ferrari, L. Vescovi, M. Vincetti. Dietary intake of cadmium, chromium, copper, manganese, selenium and zinc in a Northern Italy community. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 50 (2018) 508-517.

[17]  M.A. Morgano, L.C. Rabonato, R.F. Milani, L. Miyagusku S.C. Balian. Assessment of trace elements in fishes of Japanese foods marketed in Sao Paulo (Brazil). Food Control, 22 (2011) 778-85.

[18]  ICH Harmonization Tripartite Guideline: Validation of Analytical Procedures: Text and Methodology Q2(R1).

[19]  O.M. Wardlaw, J.S. Hampl, R.A. Disilvestro, Prospectives in nutrition. Mc Graw Hill. 6th ed. New York. (2004)

[20]  K.Y. Khan, M.A. Khan, R. Niamat, Munir M, Fazal H, Mazari P. Element content analysis of plants of genus Ficus using atomic absorption spectrometer. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (2011) 317-321.

[21]  A.J. Vander, D. Luciano, J.H. Sherman, Human physiology: The mechanisms of body function. Mc Graw Hill. 8th ed. Boston. (2001).

[22]  F. Haq, R. Ullah. Comparative determination of trace elements from Allium saıivum, Rheum ausırale and Terminalia chebula by atomic absorption spectroscopy. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 1 (2011) 77-82.

[23]  H. Kartika, J. Shido, ST. Nakamoto, QX. Li, WT. Iwaoka. Nutrient and mineral composition of dried mamaki leaves (Pipturus albidus) and infusions. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 24 (2011) 44-48.

[24]  S. Saracoglu, M. Tuzen, M. Soylak. Evaluation of trace element contents of dried apricot samples from Turkey. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167 (2009) 647-652.

[25]  K.Y. Khan, M.A. Khan, R. Niamat, M Munir, H Fazal, P Mazari. Element content analysis of plants of genus Ficus using atomic absorption spectrometer. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (2011) 317-321.

[26]  S.R. Sahito, T.O. Kazi, O.H. Kazi, M.A. Jakhrani, M.S. Shaikh, Trace elements in two varieties of indigenous medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus (Vinca rasea). Journal of Medical Sciences, 1 (2001) 74-7.

[27]  A. Kolasani, H. Xu, M. Millikan. Evaluation of mineral content of Chinese medicinal herbs used to improve kidney function with chemometrics. Food Chemistry, 127 (2011) 1465-1471.

[28]  O.M. Ozkendir, Boron Activity in Metal Containing Materials. Advanced Journal of Chemistry-Section B,  2 (2020)  48-54.

[29]  S.S.H. Davarani, Z. Rezayati-zad, A. Taheri and N. Rahmatian, Highly selective solid phase extraction and preconcentration of Azathioprine with nano-sized imprinted polymer based on multivariate optimization and its trace determination in biological and pharmaceutical samples. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl,  71 (2017)  572-583.E

[30]  .I. Obiajunwa, A.C. Adebajo, O.R. Omobuwajo, Essential and trace element contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 252 (2002) 473-476.

[31]  K.B. Zheng, X.Y. Xu, S.L. Qiu, A.P. Li. Study on L-Dopa content in faba bean flowers Legume Research. Legume Research, 39.6 (2016) 931-934.

 

 

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE

Ibrahim Bulduk, Determination of trace element levels in flowers and leaves of vicia faba by ICP-MS,  Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res.2020, 3(3), 221-228

DOI: 10.33945/SAMI/PCBR.2020.3.4

URL: http://www.pcbiochemres.com/article_107758.html