ISC, CAS, Google Scholar     h-index: 20

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Infectious Disease, Department of Infectious Disease, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: This study was conducted with the aim of transmission methods, diagnosis, and home quarantine of Covid-19 in babies and children.
Methodology: This study is a systematic review that was conducted in 2022. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Elsevier, and Google Scholar to identify related articles from 2019 to 2022. The search terms "Coronavirus 2019", "Covid-19", and "pregnancy" were used, which were adjusted according to the mesh.
Results: Studies published from 2019 to the end of 2022 were evaluated. The contents that were explained in detail about them included the methods of transmission, clinical symptoms, and home quarantine and children.
Conclusion: According to the results of this research and confirming the effect of parents' unwanted thoughts and hyperarousal on children, the need for psychotherapists' intervention for families seems necessary on two levels. First, management and treatment of parental stress and second, children's anxiety and depression should be treated separately and correction of their possibly uncompromising interactive styles should be done in an interactive and confrontational way. This leads to both psychological and financial savings for the government and healthcare providers.

Graphical Abstract

‎A Systematic Review Regarding the Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Methods of Home Quarantine in Children during Covid-19 Pandemic


Main Subjects

  1. A Molaei, H Alizadeh Otaghvar, M Tarahomi, D Shojaei, L Mohajerzadeh, M Baghoori, F Niazi, A bizarre presentation of Peutz–jegher’s syndrome in a 2 year old, Iranian Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 2017, 3 (2) () 104-106
  2. A Nurmeksela, et al., Relationships between nursing management, nurses’ job satisfaction, patient satisfaction, and medication errors at the unit Level: A correlational study. Research Square 2020; 1 (1) () 1-22.
  3. A Rezapour, N Qaderi, S Golalipour, et al., Comparison of the Adhesion Rate of Implant Cemented Coatings with 3 Types of Glass Ionomer Cement, Zinc Phosphate and Resin on Blinds Made of Adhesive Composite after Thermal Stress, Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 2022() 3304-3316
  4. A Zeidani, N Qaderi, S Akbari Zavieh, S Golalipour, M Golmohammadi, Cardiovascular outcomes and Dental careof COVID-19: a systematic review and met analysis, Neuro Quantology, 2022, 20(8) () 3060-3066
  5. Aghababai beni, H. Jabbari, nanomaterials for enviromental applications, results in engineering 15, (2022) 100467
  6. F. Mirhosseini, H. Jabbari, A. Nouralishahi, Z. Bahman, et al., Ag-ZnO nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, antibacterial activity on S. mutans, along with cytotoxic effect on U87 cell line, Nanomedicine Research Journal., 7 (3) (2022) 254-263
  7. A.R. Ghahroudi, A.R. Rokn, A.R. Shamshiri, N. Samiei, Does timing of implant placement affect esthetic results in single-tooth implants? A cohort evaluation based on Mpes, Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, 32(7) (2020) 715-725
  8. H. Abdollahi, K. Foruzan-Nia, M. Behjati, M. Bagheri, M.K. Gol, S. Dareshiri, et al., The effect of preoperative intravenous paracetamol administration on postoperative fever in pediatrics cardiac surgery. Niger Med J., 55(5) (2014) 379-83.
  9. M. Saliminasab, H. jabbari, H. Farahmand, M. Asadi, et al., Study of antibacterial performance of synthesized silver nanoparticles on Streptococcus mutans bacteria, Nanomed Res J, 7(4) (2022) 391-396
  10. UnRu Liu, H. jabbari, M.M. Kadhim, M.J. Ansarie, Design organic material with acceptor-π-donor configuration for high performance solar cells, Computational and Theoretical Chemistry., 1212 (2022) 113729
  11. R. Hosseini Khalili, et al. Angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype and late respiratory complications of mustard gas exposure. BMC Pulm Med., 8(1) (2008)15.
  12. Azhough, Y. Azari, S Taher, P Jalali. Endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment: a minimally invasive surgical technique. Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery.; 14(3) (2021) 458-63.
  13. Azhough, P. Jalali, E.J. Golzari, et al. Pilonidal Sinus Surgery with Mechanical Drilling Technique. Indian J Surg.; 82 (2020) 824827.
  14. B Mahmoodiyeh, S Etemadi, A Kamali, S Rajabi, M Milanifard, Evaluating the Effect of Different Types of Anesthesia on Intraoperative Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetics and Non-Diabetics Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, (2021) 2559–2572
  15. Shakiba, et al., Medical Workplace Civility Watch: An Attempt to Improve the Medical Training Culture, Journal of Iranian Medical Council, 5 (1) (2022) 227-228
  16. H. Birman, Investigation of the Effects of Covid-19 on Different Organs of the Body, Eurasian Journal of Chemical, Medicinal and Petroleum Research, 2 (1) (2023) 24-36
  17. Eghdam-Zamiri, M.K. Gol. Effects of ginger capsule on treatment of nausea and vomiting in patients receiving cisplatin undergoing mastectomy: a randomized clinical trial. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility., 22 (11) (2020) 15-21.
  18. Eskandar, P. Jalali. Relationship between patent foramen ovale and COVID-19 in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Revista espanola de cardiologia (English ed.).; 74(8) (2020) 725726.
  19. Afkar, S. Golalipour, M. Akanchi, S.M. Sajedi, A. Zandi Qashghaie, Systematic Reviews of Different Types of Drug Delivery in the Treatment and Prevention of Oral and Dental and Cardiorespiratory Diseases in Patients and Animals Involved, NeuroQuantology, 20 (8) (2022) 632-642
  20. Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, S. Parvizy, M. Hosseini, Y. Raziani, et al., Developing and validating the nursing presence scale for hospitalized patients, BMC nursing, 21 (1) (2022) 1-16
  21. Karimzadeh, et al., Comparative evaluation of bacterial colonization on removable dental prostheses in patients with COVID-19: A clinical study, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, (2021) 1-3
  22. Mirakhori, M. Moafi, M. Milanifard, A. Asadi rizi, H. Tahernia, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods in Alzheimer's Patients Based on Modern Techniques: The Orginal Article, Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13 (1) (2022) 1889-1907
  23. Najafi, et al., The Relationship between General Health and Quality of Work Life of Nurses Working in Zahedan Teaching Hospitals. Iranian J of Rehabilitation Research in Nursing., 4 (2) (2018) 53-9.
  24. Mirakhori, M. Moafi, M. Milanifard, A. Asadi rizi, H. Tahernia, Diagnosis and Treatment Methods in Alzheimer's Patients Based on Modern, Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results., 13 (2022) 1889-1907
  25. Soufi, A. Nouralishahi, K. Vakili, A. Salimi, B. Lucke-Wold, F. Mousavi, S. Mohammadzadehsaliani, Sh. Khanzadeh, The Diagnostic Value of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio as an Effective Biomarker for Eye Disorders: A Meta-Analysis, BioMed Research International, 2022, Article ID 5744008
  26. A.Z. Shahla Abbasi, A. İlhan, H. jabbari, P. Javidzade, et al., Cytotoxicity evaluation of synthesized silver nanoparticles by a Green method against ovarian cancer cell lines, Nanomedicine Research Journal., 7(2) (2022) 156-164
  27. Forghani, Z. Jalali, H. Ayramlou, P. Jalali. Fulminant Guillain-Barre syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2: A case series. J Clin Images Med Case Rep., 3(1) (2022) 1626.
  28. K. Gol, A. Davoud. Checklist for Determining Severity of Pain and Type and Dosage of Analgesics Administered to Women s Patient Undergoing Breast Surgeries. International Journal of Women’s Health and Reproduction Sciences., 8(2) (2020) 227-31.
  29. K. Gol, A. Dorosti, M. Montazer. Design and psychometrics cultural competence questionnaire for health promotion of Iranian nurses. Journal of education and health promotion. (2019)8.
  30. K. Gol, F. Jabarzade, V. Zamanzadeh. Cultural competence among senior nursing students of medical universities in North-West Iran. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac.; 15 (2017) 612-9.
  31. Ashayeri, R. Mohseni, Z. Khazaie, S. Golalipour, Z.A. Bondarabadi, Systematic Investigation of the Occurrence of Dental Problems, Cardiopulmonary Injuries and Duration of Hospitalization in ICU in Patients Affected by Covid-19 and Intubation in them, Tobacco Regulatory Science (TRS), (2022) 2124-2146
  32. Danesh, A. Bahmani, F. Moradi, B. Shirazipour, M. Milani Fard, Pharmacological Evaluation of Covid 19 Vaccine in Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Neuropathies, Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences, 5(4) (2022) 561-570
  33. Daneste, A. Sadeghzadeh, M. Mokhtari, H. Mohammadkhani, F. Lavaee, J. Moayedi, Immunoexpression of p53 mutant-type in Iranian patients with primary and recurrence oral squamous cell carcinoma. European Journal of Translational Myology, 2022.
  34. Jabbari, Synthesis of Neopenthylglycolesters using homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts as synthetic lubricant base oils, Communications In Catalysis., 1 (1) (2018) 11-19
  35. Kalantari, et al., Determination of COVID-19 prevalence with regards to age range of patients referring to the hospitals located in western Tehran, Iran. Gene reports.; 21 (2020) 100910.
  36. Mirjalili, H. Amani, A. Ismaili, M.M. Fard, A. Abdolrazaghnejad, Evaluation of Drug Therapy in Non-Communicable Diseases; a Review Study, Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences, 5 (2) (2022) 204-214
  37. Tahernia, et al., Diagnosis and Treatment of MS in Patients Suffering from Various Degrees of the Disease with a Clinical Approach: The Original Article, Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13(1) (2022) 1908-1921
  38. Ghian, N. Noroozi, H. Jabbari, Using of ozonation method for filtertion of mineral water, Communications In Catalysis., 1(1) (2018) 20-31
  39. Jabbari, J. Khalafy, P. Najafi Moghadam, Synthesis of neopentyl glycol and ethylene glycol esters by fatty acids in the presence of acidic ion exchange resin catalyst, Quarterly Journal of Iranian Chemical Communication., 3 (2015) 180-282 
  40. Jabbari, R. Shendabadizad, GC-MS analysis of essential oils of Humulusn lupulus, Malva Sylvestris and Thymus plants in water solvent, Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research, 10 (S4) (2020)
  41. Jabbari, Selective Anomeric Deacetylation of Per-Acetylated Carbohydrates Using (i-Pr) 3Sn (OEt) and Synthesis of New Derivatives, Journal of Molecular Biology Research., 10 (1) (2020) 166-166
  42. Jabbari, Synthesis and Evaluation of New Derivatives of Busulfan as an Anticarcinogenic Drug against k562 Cancer Cells Using the AO/PI Method, The Open Medicinal Chemistry Journal., 15 (2022)
  43. Jabbari, Synthesis of carbohydrate esters and investigation reaction of Phosphoryl chloride from anomeric position of per-acetylated carbohydrates, Arch. Pharm. Pract., 1 (2020) 71-75
  44. Jabbari, Synthesis of polyol esters by p-toluenesulfonic acid catalyst as synthetic lubricant oils, Asian Journal of Green Chemistry., 1 (2017) 41-45
  45. Kheradjoo, A. Nouralishahi, M.S. Hoseinzade Firozabdi, S. Mohammadzadehsaliani, Mesenchymal stem/stromal (MSCs)-derived exosome inhibits retinoblastoma Y-79 cell line proliferation and induces their apoptosis, Nanomedicine Research Journal, 7(3) (2022) 264-269
  46. Mahmoudi, A. Nouralishahi, S. Mohammadzadehsaliani, Stem cell-derived nano-scale vesicles promotes the proliferation of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) by activation PI3K/Akt and ERK pathway, Nanomedicine Research Journal, 7(3) (2022) 288-293
  47. Haghdoost, S. Mousavi, M.K. Gol, M. Montazer. Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in spontaneous abortion of infertile women during first pregnancy referred to tabriz university of medical sciences by nested PCR method in 2015. International Journal of Women's Health and Reproduction Sciences., 7(4) (2019) 526-530.
  48. Karampela, M. Dalamaga, Could Respiratory Fluoroquinolones, Levofloxacin and Moxifloxacin, prove to be Beneficial as an Adjunct Treatment in COVID-19? Archives of medical research., 51(7) (2020) 741-2.
  49. Seifi, D. Shojaei, S.J. Barbin, A. Bahmani, Z. Seraj, Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment of MS Disease Based on a Clinical Trial: The Original Article, Tobacco Regulatory Science (TRS), (2022) 2351-2384
  50. P. Montani, V.B. Vliet. General physiology and pathophysiology of the renin-angiotensin system. Angiotensin Vol. I: Springer; (2004) 3-29.
  51. Goyal, et al., Fear of COVID 2019: First suicidal case in India! Asian J of psychiatry., 49 (2020) 101989.
  52. Mahdavi, H.O. Osquee. Comparison of serum levels of vitamin D after mastectomy in women with and without postoperative infection: Case-control study. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility., 23(3) (2020) 34-39.
  53. G.S. Borba, et al. Effect of high vs low doses of chloroquine diphosphate as adjunctive therapy for patients hospitalized with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA network open., 3(4) (2020) e208857-e.
  54. J. Gadlage, et al., Murine hepatitis virus nonstructural protein 4 regulates virus-induced membrane modifications and replication complex function. J Virol., 84 (1) (2010) 280-90.
  55. Mobaraki-Asl, Z. Ghavami, M.K. Gol. Development and validation of a cultural competence questionnaire for health promotion of Iranian midwives. Journal of Education and Health Promotion., 8 (2019) 179.
  56. R. Moghadam, A. Shams, Z.S. Moosavifard, F. Shahnazari, D. Shojaei, Principles of Health Care for Patients Involved in Fracture, Multiple Trauma and Type of Burns in Operating Room & Intensive Care Unit: The Original Article, Tobacco Regulatory Science (TRS), (2022) 2839-2854
  57. N Alrabadi, et al., Medication errors: a focus on nursing practice. J of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research., 12(1) (2021) 78-86.
  58. Shahkarami, M. Nazari, M. Milanifard, R. Tavakolimoghadam, A. Bahmani, The assessment of iron deficiency biomarkers in both anemic and non-anemic dialysis patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Eurasian Chemical Communications., 4 (6) 463-472
  59. Musaei, The Effect of Pregnancy on the Skin, Eurasian Journal of Chemical, Medicinal and Petroleum Research, 2(1) (2023) 17-23.