Document Type: Original Research Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran



This paper reviews Fenton processes, adsorption and nano filtration processes. Wastewater is one of the substances that has been neglected even in recent years in the country. Industrial effluents can have a great variety depending on the type of production and process of industrial units. In other words, for each production line in industrial units, a specific effluent may be produced, the quality and environmental effects of which will depend on the type of material and its content. These effluents are often caused by chemical processes and therefore will create more potential hazards than normal effluents in the environment. Although refineries and petrochemical industries are widely expected to benefit the community, they produce significant volumes of effluents. Effluents produced in refineries are generally considered as hazardous effluents due to their high amounts and high concentrations of oily and petroleum compounds, as well as acids and heavy metals. Protecting the environment against pollution of oil, gas and petrochemical industries has created great concerns from the environmental point of view. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and study the effluents of these units and provide solutions to control their pollution.

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