Document Type: Original Research Article

Author

Department of Environmental Civil Engineering-Water and Wastewater Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of increasing sewage sludge as a fertilizer on stimulation of biological processes and rate of bioremediation of crude oil in soils contaminated with this substance in the effluent of chemical companies. Refinery wastewater, especially oil refinery, is one of the largest volumes of industrial wastewater produucer. The oil industry around the world produces more than 1.4 million barrels of oil sludge per day, which is a major environmental hazard. If the environment is not considered in the design and operation of refineries, in addition to environmental problems related to air and soil pollution, it will cause surface and groundwater pollution, the scope of which can affect the next few generations. Therefore, several solutions have been proposed for treatment of petroleum wastes, which are mentioned in this study. Due to limited soil and groundwater resources, soil pollution is one of the most important environmental problems in the world. For this purpose, methods such as direct engineering methods or natural cleaning, i.e. without human intervention in modifying this control, reduce or eliminate pollution from the environment by increasing biological activities of the environment. In addition, by using methods that accelerates decomposition of pollutants such as usage of nitrogen and phosphorus organic matter and plowing for better soil aeration increasing in microbial activity is accelerated.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

REFERENCES

[1].        M.L. Bishop, E.P. Fody and L.E. Schoeff, Clinical chemistry: principles, techniques, and correlations. (2013): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

[2].        R.R. Crichton and R.O. Louro, Practical approaches to biological inorganic chemistry. (2019): Elsevier.

[3].        J. Crowe and T. Bradshaw, Chemistry for the biosciences: the essential concepts. (2014): Oxford University Press.

[4].        D.Q. Dorr, K.J. Denniston and J.J. Topping, General, organic, and biochemistry. (2017): McGraw-Hill.

[5].        S. Erduran and E. Kaya, Transforming Teacher Education Through the Epistemic Core of Chemistry. (2019): Springer.

[6].        D.L. Reger, S.R. Goode and D.W. Ball, Chemistry: principles and practice. (2009): Cengage Learning.

[7].        M. Schultz, S. Schmid and G.A. Lawrie, Research and Practice in Chemistry Education: Advances from the 25th IUPAC International Conference on Chemistry Education 2018. (2019): Springer.

[8].        D. Shallcross and T. Harrison, Exploration: Public Engagement Activities for Chemistry Students, in The Power of Play in Higher Education. (2019), Springer.  145-158.

[9].        F. Abdollahi, A. Taheri and M. Shahmari, Application of selective solid-phase extraction using a new core-shell-shell magnetic ion-imprinted polymer for the analysis of ultra-trace mercury in serum of gallstone patients. Separation Science and Technology, (2019)  1-14.

[10].    F. Haq, R. Ullah. Comparative determination of trace elements from Allium saıivum, Rheum ausırale and Terminalia chebula by atomic absorption spectroscopy. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 1 (2011) 77-82.

[11].    H. Kartika, J. Shido, ST. Nakamoto, QX. Li, WT. Iwaoka. Nutrient and mineral composition of dried mamaki leaves (Pipturus albidus) and infusions. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 24 (2011) 44-48.

[12].    S. Saracoglu, M. Tuzen, M. Soylak. Evaluation of trace element contents of dried apricot samples from Turkey. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167 (2009) 647-652.

[13].    K.Y. Khan, M.A. Khan, R. Niamat, M Munir, H Fazal, P Mazari. Element content analysis of plants of genus Ficus using atomic absorption spectrometer. Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol, 5 (2011) 317-321.

[14].    O.M. Ozkendir, Boron Activity in Metal Containing Materials. Advanced Journal of Chemistry-Section B,  2 (2020)  48-54.

[15].    S.S.H. Davarani, Z. Rezayati-zad, A. Taheri and N. Rahmatian, Highly selective solid phase extraction and preconcentration of Azathioprine with nano-sized imprinted polymer based on multivariate optimization and its trace determination in biological and pharmaceutical samples. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl,  71 (2017)  572-583.E

[16].    K.B. Zheng, X.Y. Xu, S.L. Qiu, A.P. Li. Study on L-Dopa content in faba bean flowers Legume Research. Legume Research, 39.6 (2016) 931-934.

[17].    H. Treviño-Cordero, L. G. Juárez-Aguilar, D. I. Mendoza-Castillo, V. Hernández-Montoya, A. Bonilla-Petriciolet, and M. A. Montes-Morán, Synthesis and adsorption properties of activated carbons from biomass of Prunus domestica and Jacaranda mimosifolia for the removal of heavy metals and dyes from water, Industrial Crops and Products, 42 (2013) 315-323.