Document Type: Original Research Article

Authors

1 Modern Technical College, Pokhara University, Lalitpur, Nepal

2 School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

3 Amity Medical School, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram, HR, India

Abstract

Hypertension, a chronic medical condition of elevated blood pressure in the arteries which can be classified as prehypertension and hypertension. Serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), an enzyme that transfers gamma-glutamyl functional group is a diagnostic marker of liver disease, excessive alcohol consumption, but recently its level was found to be elevated in prehypertension or hypertension.
A total of 315 people were selected for clinic-based comparative Cross-sectional study. Data was generated using a clinical report, physical examination, review of medical and clinical reports, and interviews using a structured questionnaire. The blood sample was withdrawn after proper consent of the study population for measurement of laboratory-based parameters. Serum GGT was estimated using the method described by Persijn and Van der Slik Kinetic spectrophotometric method as recommended by International Federation for Clinical Chemistry. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS and Excel.
Among 315 study population majority were male and adults. Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was relatively high (27.5% and 39.5% respectively). Among the hypertensive population, males (40.2%) and >60 years of age (71.6%) shared a larger percentage. Serum GGT level positively correlates with prehypertension and hypertension with p-value 0.12 and Prevalence of hypertension is increasing with male and older people becoming more prone to hypertension. Serum GGT levels positively correlated with prehypertension and hypertension even after adjustment for age and gender suggesting that GGT level can be used as indicator of prehypertension and hypertension.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

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