Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran.

2 Department of Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Isfahan Oil Refinery Company, Gasoline Production Plant, Isfahan, Iran

4 Head of Refining Process Engineering of Catalytic Units, Oil Refinery Company

10.33945/SAMI/PCBR.2020.1.6

Abstract

The presence of H2S and CO2 is unfavorable in many processes and flows, particularly in natural gas flows. Therefore, removing this gas is one of the important issues in many systems. One of the most widely used techniques is the use of membrane. Therefore, the gas that passes through the membrane has low pressure. Membrane system is used to absorb a high volume of CO2. The factors needed for this kind of separation include gas composition, pressure, and temperature difference. An enhanced electrochemical membrane can also be used with coal gas to separate acid gases. Hydrogen is so rich in this process in which cathode and sulphur steam are produced and then exited. Granular activated carbon (GAC) can be used as supporting material to absorb H2S. The advantages of this method are including high capacity for H2S absorption and gas emission. Removing the H2S from waste gases or natural gas with high densities is done via bio-filter in this system. Granular activated carbon can be used as a supporting material to stabilize the microorganisms. Principal properties of the supporting material are including the mass density, the area of special surface, and the amount of its pH. This research discusses the membrane technology in removing the acid gases in the oil technology.
 
© 2020 by SPC (Sami Publishing Company), Reproduction is permitted for noncommercial purposes.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

References:    

[1] A. Bozorgian, Z. Arab Aboosadi, A. Mohammadi, B. Honarvar and A. Azimi, Optimization of determination of CO2 gas hydrates surface tension in the presence of non-ionic surfactants and TBAC. Eurasian Chemical Communications,  2 (2020)  420-426.

[2] S. Zarinabadi and A. Samimi, Investigating the effects of water vaporization on the production of gas condensate reservoirs. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences,  8 (2016)  1160-1172.

[3] A. Bozorgian, Z. Arab Aboosadi, A. Mohammadi, B. Honarvar and A. Azimi, Prediction of Gas Hydrate Formation in Industries. Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, (2019)  31-38.

[4] A. Bozorgian, N.M. Nasab and H. Mirzazadeh, Overall effect of nano clay on the physical mechanical properties of epoxy resin. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering,  5 (2011)  P21-24.

[5] P. Shao and R. Huang, Polymeric membrane pervaporation. Journal of Membrane Science,  287 (2007)  162-179.

[6] S. Zarinabadi, A. Esfandiyari, S. Khoddami and A. Samimi, Investigating the factor influencing the flow behavior and performance of condensate gas reservoirs. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences,  8 (2016)  1133-1149.

[7] M. McKelvey and D. Ljungberg, How public policy can stimulate the capabilities of firms to innovate in a traditional industry through academic engagement: the case of the Swedish food industry. R&D Management,  47 (2017)  534-544.

[8] A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, S. Kotanaei, A. Hossein, A. Azimi and M. Mirzaei, Use of data mining in the corrosion classification of pipelines in catalytic reforming units (CRU). Iranian Chemical Communication,  7 (2019)  681-691.

[9] A. Surendar, A. Bozorgian, A. Maseleno, L.K. Ilyashenko and M. Najafi, Oxidation of toxic gases via GeB36N36 and GeC72 nanocages as potential catalysts. Inorganic Chemistry Communications,  96 (2018)  206-210.

[10] N. Farhami and A. Bozorgian. Factors affecting selection of tubes of heat exchanger. in Int. Conf. on Chem. and Chem. Process IPCBEE. 2011.

[11] M. Tabatabaee, A. Hedayati and S. A., Investigating the Use of Industrial Coal Waste Used in Related Industries and Implementing the Suggested Solution. Science Road Journal,  4 (2016)  28-39.

[12] S.A. Khoddami, A. Esfandiari and A. Samimi, Investigating Thermodynamic Mechanism of Gas Hydrate Formation in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines. International Academic Journal of Science and Engineering,,  3 (2016) 91-99.

[13] D.L. Shaffer, J.R. Werber, H. Jaramillo, S. Lin and M. Elimelech, Forward osmosis: where are we now? Desalination,  356 (2015)  271-284.

[14] A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, A.H. Shahbazi Kootenaei, A. Azimi and M. Mirzaei, Considering different kinds of gasoline unit catalysts. Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences,  3 (2020)  79-94.

[15] A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, A.H. Shahbazi Kootenaei, A. Azimi and M. Mirzaei, Study of Operational Conditions in Octanizer and Hydro-Treating Units in Oil Refinery Company. Journal of Chemical Reviews,  1 (2019)  164-182.

[16] S. Yang, A. Arvanitis, Z. Cao, X. Sun and J. Dong, Synthesis of silicalite membrane with an aluminum-containing surface for controlled modification of zeolitic pore entries for enhanced gas separation. Processes,  6 (2018)  13.

[17] D. Mohammadnazar and A. Samimi, Nessacities of Studying HSE Management Position and Role in Iran Oil Industry. Journal of Chemical Reviews,  1 (2019)  252-259.

[18] M. Zhang, L. Deng, D. Xiang, B. Cao, S.S. Hosseini and P. Li, Approaches to Suppress CO2-Induced Plasticization of Polyimide Membranes in Gas Separation Applications. Processes,  7 (2019)  51.

[19] B. Shimekit and H. Mukhtar, Natural Gas Purification Technologies-Major Advances for CO2 Separation and Future Directions, Advances in Natural Gas Technology. Hamid Al-Megren,  1 (2012)  235-270.

[20] S. Cavenati, C.A. Grande and A.E. Rodrigues, Removal of carbon dioxide from natural gas by vacuum pressure swing adsorption. Energy & fuels,  20 (2006)  2648-2659.

[21] S.A. Stern, Polymers for gas separations: the next decade. Journal of Membrane Science,  94 (1994)  1-65.

[22] A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, A.H. Shahbazi Kootenaei, A. Azimi and M. Mirzaei, Optimization of Naphtha Hydro-Threating Unit with Continuous Resuscitation Due to the Optimum Temperature of Octanizer Unit Reactors. Advanced Journal of Chemistry, Section A: Theoretical, Engineering and Applied Chemistry,  3 (2020)  165-180.

[23] A. Samimi, S. Zarinabadi, S. Kootenai, A. Hossein, A. Azimi and M. Mirzaei, Optimization of the naphtha hydro treating unit (NHT) in order to increase feed in the refinery. Eurasian Chemical Communications,  2 (2020)  150-161.

[24] K. Kavousi, S. Zarinabadi and A. Bozorgian, Optimization of the Gasoline Production Plant in order to Increase Feed. Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, (2020)  7-19.

[25] J. Mashhadizadeh, A. Bozorgian and A. Azimi, Investigation of the kinetics of formation of Clatrit-like dual hydrates TBAC in the presence of CTAB. Eurasian Chemical Communications,  2 (2020)  536-547.

[26] M. Esmaeili Bidhendi, Z. Asadi, A. Bozorgian, A. Shahhoseini, M.A. Gabris, S. Shahabuddin, R. Khanam and R. Saidur, New magnetic Co3O4/Fe3O4 doped polyaniline nanocomposite for the effective and rapid removal of nitrate ions from ground water samples. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, (2019)  e13306.

[27] A. Pourabadeh, B. Nasrollahzadeh, R. Razavi, A. Bozorgian and M. Najafi, Oxidation of FO and N 2 Molecules on the Surfaces of Metal-Adopted Boron Nitride Nanostructures as Efficient Catalysts. Journal of Structural Chemistry,  59 (2018)  1484-1491.

[28] A. Bozorgian and M. Ghazinezhad, A Case Study on Causes of Scale Formation-Induced Damage in Boiler Tubes. J. Biochem. Tech.,  2 (2018)  139-153.