Document Type : Review Article
Agricultural Chemistry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds. The basic organic chemistry reaction types are addition reactions, elimination reactions, substitution reactions, pericyclic reactions, rearrangement reactions, photochemical reactions, and redox reactions. In organic synthesis, organic reactions are used in the construction of new organic molecules. The production of many man-made chemicals such as the production of pharmaceuticals drugs, plastics, food additives, fabrics depends on organic reactions. Factors governing organic reactions are essentially the same as that of any chemical reaction. Factors specific to organic reactions are those that determine the stability of reactants and products such as conjugation, hyperconjugation, and aromaticity and the presence and stability of reactive intermediates such as free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions. An organic compound may consist of many isomers. Selectivity in terms of regioselectivity, diastereoselectivity, and enantioselectivity is, therefore, an important criterion for many organic reactions. There is no limit to the number of possible organic reactions and mechanisms. However, certain general patterns are observed that can be used to describe many common or useful reactions. Each reaction has a stepwise reaction mechanism that explains how it happens, although this detailed description of steps is not always clear from a list of reactants alone. Organic reactions can be organized into several basic types. Some reactions fit into more than one category. For example, some substitution reactions follow an addition-elimination pathway. This overview isn't intended to include every single organic reaction. Rather, it is intended to cover the basic reactions.
- Adlard, E. R. (2019). E. Hywel Evans and Mike. E. Foulkes: Analytical Chemistry. A Practical Approach.
- Brown, T. L., LeMay, H. E., & Wilson, R. (1988). Chemistry: The central science (No. QD 31.2. B76 1988). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Brown, W. H., Poon, T., & Poon, T. (2014). Introduction to organic chemistry. John Wiley & Sons.
- Connor, R. (1937). Laboratory Practice of Organic Chemistry (Robertson, G. Ross).
- Crowe, J., & Bradshaw, T. (2014). Chemistry for the biosciences: the essential concepts. Oxford University Press.
- Dorr, D. Q., Denniston, K. J., & Topping, J. J. (2017). General, organic, and biochemistry. McGraw-Hill.
- Erduran, S., & Kaya, E. (2019). Transforming Teacher Education Through the Epistemic Core of Chemistry. Springer.
- Haynes, W. M. (2014). CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. CRC press.
- Holum, J. R. (1975). Organic chemistry: a brief course (No. QD453. 2. H64I 1975.). Wiley.
10. Jacobs, D. S., Kasten, B. L., Demott, W. R., & Wolfson, W. L. (1996). Laboratory test handbook. Lexi-Comp Incorporated.
11. Katz, M. (1998). Organic Chemistry, (Bruice, Paula Y.).
12. Lahann, J. (Ed.). (2009). Click chemistry for biotechnology and materials science. John Wiley & Sons.
13. Leicester, H. M., & Klickstein, H. S. (Eds.). (1952). A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900 (Vol. 5). Harvard University Press.
14. Leonard, J., Lygo, B., & Procter, G. (2013). Advanced practical organic chemistry. CRC press.
15. Nadendla, R. R. (2007). Principles of organic medicinal chemistry. New Age International.
16. Nelson, W. M. (2003). Green solvents for chemistry: perspectives and practice. Oxford University Press.
17. Ouellette, R. J., & Rawn, J. D. (2014). Organic chemistry: structure, mechanism, and synthesis. Elsevier.
18. Petrucci, R. H., Cunningham, C. M., & Moore, T. E. (1989). General chemistry (pp. 136-146). New York: Macmillan.
19. Petrucci, R. H., Harwood, W. S., & Herring, F. G. (1993). General chemistry. Prentice Hall.
20. Reger, D. L., Goode, S. R., & Ball, D. W. (2009). Chemistry: principles and practice. Cengage Learning.
21. Schultz, M., Schmid, S., & Lawrie, G. A. (2019). Research and Practice in Chemistry Education. Springer.
22. A. babaei, A. Taheri, Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Myoglobin Immobilized on a Novel Chitosan-Nickel Hydroxide Nanoparticles-Carbon Nanotubes Biocomposite Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode, Anal Bioanal Electrochem, 4(2012) 342 - 56.
23. m. Afrasiabi, Z. Rezayati-zad, s. Kianipour, A. babaei, A. Taheri, A Sensor for Determination of Tramadol in Pharmaceutical Preparations and Biological Fluids Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes-Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode, JChemSocpak, 35(2013) 1106-12.
24. Smith, J. G. (2010). General, Organic & Biological Chemistry. McGraw-Hill.
25. Smith, M. B. (2019). March's advanced organic chemistry: reactions, mechanisms, and structure. John Wiley & Sons.
26. Surrey, A. R. (2013). Name reactions in organic chemistry. Elsevier.
27. Thorpe, G. S. (2007). CliffsAP 5 chemistry practice exams. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
28. Toda, F., & Bishop, R. (Eds.). (2004). Separations and reactions in organic supramolecular chemistry. New York: Wiley.
HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE
Ayman Y. El-Khateeb Practical Approach for the Identification of Functional Groups in Organic Compounds, Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res. 2020, 3(2), 147.168